Myfibrillar vs Sarcoplasmic Hypetrophy

Does More Strength Mean More Size?


You often hear the words ‘big‘ and ‘strong‘ mentioned in the same breath, to the average person these two qualities may seem inextricably linked, but are they mutually exclusive, or does one depend on the other?

It’s true that there is some correlation between size and strength, after all, when was the last time you saw a 60Kg ectomorph squat three times their body weight? Of course there are occasions when an individual may be superhumanly strong relative to their weight (Olympic weightlifters), but whether or not performing Olympic lifts to achieve optimal muscle growth is certainly up for debate.

Petite Female Olympic Lifter

Small packages and all that…

Muscle growth may not be top of your agenda, but since that’s what this blog is about, that’s what I’m going to focus on. This is a hotly debated topic which many have some strong views on, but I’m going to go out on a limb and make some statements which I believe to be true;

1. Gaining strength DOES help with gaining size


Because strength facilitates the use of heavier poundages, allowing the trainer to utilise the progressive overload principle to force the body into adaptation (a calorie surplus is also required). In addition to this, gaining strength with compound exercises such as the squat and deadlift will result in a more stable posterior chain and core, resulting in the ability to handle more weight in exercises such as the military press.

Performing strength exercises also hits muscle fibers that light weights can’t.



2. You can get stronger without getting bigger


Because there are two different types of muscle fiber, myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic. Sarcopalmic fibers are in effect the substance that fills the inside of the fibers, these are stimulated with more time under tension (and, generally ‘higher reps’) and has the potential to expand in volume, ultimately resulting in bigger muscles volume-wise. Myofibrillar hypertrophy occurs when the tiny fibers within the muscle belly are strengthened and become ‘denser’ resulting in the ability handle heavier weights – think along the lines of the thick, dense metal cables that hold up suspension bridges.

So, although strength and size gains can occur in isolation, unless you’re training to specifically increase one and not the other, they’ll both increase in unison.

Myfibrillar vs Sarcoplasmic Hypetrophy

Ignore the ‘useless’ bit

Using Size to Gain Strength

As I mentioned above you might have seen Olympic lifters hoisting some serious weight above their heads – pound for pound they’re extremely strong, but it’s not just pure strength that they have in their arsenal, using perfect technique is key to succeeding in this sport. There’s no doubt that size aids strength, even when it’s not all muscle – just look at strongman competitors, most, if not all of them (with the possible exception if Pudzianowski) are carrying relative high levels of muscle and AND fat.

Pudzianowski Ripped

So what role does fat play? Firstly, if you’re trying to gain the maximum amount of muscle possible, in the quickest time possible, regardless of fat gain, well, you’ll gain a lot of fat. Hitting the right amounts of calories to ensure you’re in a surplus, so if quick muscle at any cost is your goal, then overeating, which leads to fat gain, makes sense.

Additionally, more fat around the joints provides crushing and stability to help with big lifts


Using Strength to Gain Size

All else being equal, you’d expect a guy who can deadlift 200Kg to be bigger than a guy who can only deadlift 100Kg, but this isn’t necessarily just because he can deadlift more. Overall strength facilitates muscle growth because it allows for the pursuit of the progressive overload principle. Compound lifts like squats and deadlifts shore up the posterior chain, meaning more overall stability, a more solid foundation, and the ability to handle heavier weights for isolation exercises that are better able to target pure hypertrophy.

So you can certainly get stronger without getting bigger (up to a point), but can you get bigger without out getting stronger? There are bound to be conflicting views on this within the fitness community, but I’d argue that, when ultimately aiming for size, strength gains need to be a primary concern on the road to your ultimate goal. You’ll struggle to add size unless you’re constantly pushing the boundaries, but to be able to do that (in the optimal hypertrophy rep range) you’ll need to gain strength.

Bodybuilder Deadlift

For example, if your 10 rep max on the barbell shoulder press is 30Kg, you won’t increase this by simply pressing 30Kg every week, you’ll gain endurance, but not size. If you want to up the weight you use for your 10 rep max, the best course of action would be to increase the weight and drop the reps. Work on gradually increasing the amount of reps you can do with this increased weight (and eat a calorie surplus), and you should be able to handle more weight for 10 reps. There’s your progressive overload. If you have been in a calorie surplus throughout this process, chances are you will have gained some size.

Final thoughts

Throughout this article I’ve talked in terms of ‘absolutes’

- Do this for ultimate strength gains

- Do this for ultimate size gains

You might think you just want to be strong, or you just want to be big, but unless you;re going to be earning big money for being one of the best few people in the world at strength competitions or bodybuilding, what you think you want and what you actually want are probably two different things.

Do you really want to be able to deadlift 3x bodyweight but look like you don’t even train wearing clothes? On the other hand, do you want really big arms, chest and shoulders that are covered with so so much fat that no one will really notice? Probably not.

This is why you need a BALANCE between size and strength training. 99% of people want (whether they realise it or not) a balanced physique – i.e. an appreciable and symmetrical level of muscle mass, and a low enough level of body fat to effectively display that muscle mass – and this is achieved by mixing up your training methods.

Hypertrophy training helps with muscle size, short rest periods and powerful, explosive movements like clean and presses elevate the heart rate and stimulate the metabolism, encouraging fat loss, and strength training allows for more stability, and facilitates the progressive overload principle. More strength means more muscle – if you train right, more size means more strength – if you train right, and more muscle means elevated metabolism and lower body fat.

Everything works together in harmony. Work on size and strength, see the bigger picture.






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Does Crossfit fit your Goals

The Answer to Every Question About Muscle Building and Fat Loss


The answer to Every Question About Muscle Building and Fat Loss is:

‘It depends on your goal(s)’

Everything you do in the gym, everything you eat, and any change you make to your routine should be accountable to this question. The fitness industry is becoming increasing lucrative, and brands are making  it a commodity, with this comes choice, ambiguity and confusion.

Just look at;

  • The different workouts listed in Men’s Health or Muscle and Fitness each week
  • New supplement crazes that come and go quicker than Katie Price’s husbands (hello Raspberry Ketones)
  • The plethora of ‘diets’ out there – carb cycling, carb back-loading, IIFYM, this list goes on

How is the inexperienced trainer meant to pick through these trends and brightly colored tubs of powered chemicals in order to find what they need? By asking themselves constantly ‘does it fit my goal(s)’.

Let’s Take  a Few Examples;


Crossfit is first and foremost, a sport. Granted a sport which very closley mimics what most people do in the gym, but still a sport. People that compete in Crossfit are trying to complete as many reps as possible across a set number of exercises, people do Crossfit for the sake of doing Crossfit – because they enjoy it, it is not a ‘means to an end’ like bodybuilding.

So with that in mind, if you are trying to add as much muscle as quickly as possible, should you do Crossfit? No. Why? Because Crossfit moves like Olympic lifts aren’t ideal for building muscle – there’s not enough time under tension. Take the ‘kipping pull-up’ – a Crossfit staple – there is some considerable thrust used from the legs and hips in the interest of simply completing each rep, there is not a strong focus on the lats for a long period of time, which would better facilitate muscle growth.

If you want a balanced physique with low bodyfat and some muscle, by all means do Crossfit. If you’re trying to build the maximum amount of muscle possible, don’t. It depends on your goal.

Does Crossfit fit your Goals



Branched-chain amino acids are the building blocks of protein, BCAA power or pills are essentially protein in a pre-digested form that assimilate into the bloodstraem very quickly (at least compared to the digestion rate of whey or solid protein), they’re one of the most popular supplements for gym rats along with whey and creatine.

BCAAs are an easy way to protect against catabolism (muscle breakdown) when calories are restricted for long periods of time, which makes me wonder why so many people pop BCAA pills during their not-particularly-intense workouts when their last protein meal (which won’t have even fully digested yet) was less than an hour.

For competing bodybuilders, BCAAs might be useful for dialling in that extra 0.5%, but for you and me, there are far better things to spend our time and money on.




I recently did a post on why I think carb-backloading is great for people like me that have a sedinatry job and are looking to build muscle while minimising fat gain. It may not be the BEST opinion for people that have a sedinatary job and are looking to build muscle at all costs (i.e. with a disregard to any fat gain), and it certainly wouldn’t be a great option for ectomorphs with active jobs.

My point is that people hear about a new nutritional method and immediately jump on the bandwagon regardless of whether or not it suits their goals. Why would you deprive yourself of carbs in the morning if you’re working on a building site, or training in the morning.

Carb backloading

 If you blindly follow what everyone else is doing, or what you read on the internet, you’ll never reach your full potential…

Every time you consider making a change to your diet or training regime, ask yourself what your goals are.

If you want to build no-compromise muscle

  • Concentrate on eating a adequate amount of calories
  • Train intensely, with a focus on strong contractions and enough time-under-tension
  • Make rest a priority

If you want to drop a significant amount of fat, but don’t mind losing some muscle

  • Train frequently, prioritising aerobic energy systems
  • Carefully monitor calories and macros, ensuring adequate protein
  • Keep metabolism revved throughout the day



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Vibram five fingers

What are the Best Weightlifting Shoes?

If your work out regime has a lot of weight training, you will want to make sure you don’t wear any old shoes, as many gym shoes have a lot of cushioning, and you need to create a stable base when lifting weights. Opting for shoes with a hard, dense sole will ensure that you keep your balance and use less energy when lifting.   The pros of investing in the right pair of shoes will help you feel the weight better through your heels, you’ll develop a better technique, and most of all they will prevent injury to your feet.


Consider Converses

A surprising choice, seeing as Converses are usually associated with basketball or trendy teens, but according to T Nation Converses have the perfect hard flat sole for squat lifting, and their stability means that your foot won’t roll around. Loads of high street retailers sell Converses so head to somewhere like Debenhams to get your hands on a pair of these trainers. These shoes are best suited to low-bar squats, and they also give you some good ankle mobility. Brands such as adidas and Nike also offer trainers that are suited to weightlifting, however Converses seem to be the shoe of choice for many weightlifters because of their durability, cheapness and good solid sole.   Converse for weightlifting


Keep it minimal

There’s a craze to go barefoot at the moment, meaning runners, joggers and other sports fan ditch the trainers and go au naturel when training. Some weightlifters do prefer ditching the shoes, but if you don’t like the idea of a huge weight crashing down on your unprotected feet, you could consider a pair of minimalist shoes such as Vibrams. They’re the shoes that look like gloves for your feet, and they provide all the benefit of going barefoot, but with extra grip on the bottom so your feet are keeping in a more natural position. This style of shoe is good if you’re doing a lot of deadlifting.

Vibram five fingers


Go Olympic

Olympic weightlifting shoes are available for non-Olympians to buy, however they can be expensive and are generally only useful if you’re doing complex weightlifting techniques. The heels of the shoe have wood or hard plastic stacked into them which make them more stable when lifting the really heavy weights. These shoes are generally heavier, which can make weightlifting even more cumbersome for you, so unless you’re a die-hard weight lifter it may be better opting for a slightly cheaper trainer.

Olympic lifting shoes


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fay guy curls

Forget About the Details: The Most Common Gym Mistake


I mentioned in a previous Facebook post that I witnessed two people in the gym a few weeks ago discussing the pros and cons of dumbbell hammer curls vs supinated curls.

Pretty normal in a gym right?

Absolutely, I’m sure this happens daily up and down the country. So why am I ranting about it?

Because one of the people participating in this discussion was (probably) morbidly obese (and no, he couldn’t blame this on his muscle mass), the other was tiny.

Now, if the fat guy just wanted big biceps at the expense of everything else, and the skinny guy simply loved doing curls for the pure hell of it, then fine, I hope they both continue as they were.

The point is, I can almost guarantee neither of them wanted those respective things, and that discussions like between people like that should NOT be the norm. This, in my opinion, is the most common mistake in the modern gym.

fay guy curls

Let’s be honest, most of us are going for a lean, balanced physique with an appreciable amount of muscle mass.

Dumbbell curl variations are not the way to achieve this.

I’ve said it time and time again, and so, at the risk of sounding like a broken record, here it is again;

The quickest, most efficient, most sustainable way of building mass and losing fat (or keeping it off) is spending 75% of your time in the gym on;

- Squats

- Deadlifts

- Bench Presses

- Pull-ups

- Dips

- Olympic lifts (and variations)

These allow you shift big weights in a powerful manner, get stronger, and increase your metabolism (turning your body into a fat-burning furnace).

Curls will not do this.

Granted, if you want big biceps, curls will help, and if you want big biceps with no V-shape, invisible abs and chicken legs then fill your boots.

Once you’re strong and have a great muscle to body fat ratio, then explore curl variations, but the chances are, by the time you reach that point you’ll be so hyper-aware about the ‘right’ way to train, you won’t want to try anything else.




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The Secret to Getting a Great Physique


There you go. Not very exciting is it?

The key to getting a great body doesn’t lie in a brightly-coloured pill bottle making wild claims.

Nor does it come at the end of a fashionable new workout, or finally reaching double figures on the bench press, or standing next to the biggest guy in the gym and hoping that hypertrophy happens via osmosis.

While all these may make a fraction-of-a-percentile of difference (save for the last thing), the key decding factor in whether or not you acheive your goals is consistency.

The sad truth is, building a good body takes years, sure you can make noticable and staifying improvements in just a few months if you’re a newbie, but any subsequent gains will take longer, and require more and more effort.

It will be of little surprise that many give up completely before a year is up, while others will periodically give up and ‘get back into it’.

Taking up training again after a lay off is admirable, but will only truly worth it if you stick to it indefinitely and train consistently.


Rest is of course essential to allow your muscles to recover and grow, but some people use this as an excuse to miss training for days on end.

The truth is, if you are performing a body part spilt, you can train for days in a row without rest.

There really is no set rule for training frequency, but I tend to auto-regulate rather than sticking to a struct schedule.

This means taking one day at a time, if you’re tired or bust on a certain day, miss training and just pick up where you left off.

It doesn’t matter if you’re not hitting a certain number of days a week, the only rule I’d recommend is never take more than 2 days off in a row, no matter what you’re training for.

Here are a few tips for maintaing consistency;


  • I like to train legs on a Sunday evening. Legs are a tough body part and getting them out the way early doors sets you up perfectly for the rest of the week. You’re almost always guaranteed to get a squat rack on a Sunday evening
  • Always train on Monday – if you’ve also trained on Sunday and you’re doing a 4 part split this means you’re half done by the first of day of a new week. Of course this doesn’t mean you get the rest of the week off, it just gives you a great mental boost.
  • If you have the energy - train, you’ll never know when you have a tiring or stressful day coming up and you need an evening off
  • If you having nothing on – train, you might have a surprise social event come up that you really want to attend, and training should not be the be all and end all
  • If doing a body part split start and end with a heavy lower-body compound movement, e.g. perform squats on the Sunday, then Deadlifts on the following Thursday or Friday. This will give you plenty of recovery time and keep your metabolism elevated on your rest days
  • Hit the gym straight after work, trust me
  • Make sure you’ve eaten properly on days you plan to train – missing a meal is a common excuse for slacking off a workout
  • Believe – gains take a long time but you NEED to keep plugging away, don’t get demotivated if you don’t see change, if you’re training intensely and eating and sleeping well good things will happen
  • Enjoy training – research constantly to find new training methods, keeping things fresh and interesting
  • Accept that training needs to be a significant and permanent part of your life if you want to achieve your goals





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forced reps

5 Techniques to Make Your Sets More Intense

‘Intensity’ is a term that’s becoming more and more fashionable amongst trainers right now.

It’s cool.

Long, drawn-out workouts comprising of 20+ sets are out the window in favour of shorter, tougher sessions lasting an hour or less with almost non-existent rest periods.

While I don’t agree this is the BEST way to train (there is no ‘best’ way), it’s certainly effective, and a style that you should practise periodically.

‘Intensity’ is an ambiguous term however; some take it simply to mean ‘trying really hard’ – this is something you should be doing regardless of whether your workouts last 20 minutes or 2 hours.

So how can you ensure that your workouts become more intense?

Here are 4 techniques you can employ at the end of your sets to take your muscles ‘beyond’ failure;


Rest-Pause Sets

Finish your set in the normal fashion.

Rather than resting and waiting for your muscles to replenish so you can perform another ‘full’ set, put the weight down, rest up to 10 seconds, then push out as many more reps as you can.

Try decreasing this 10 second rest period over time until you can actually tack an extra rep on the end of your normal set.

The video below shows one regular set followed by 2 rest-pause sets (a style of training known as DogCrap or DC)



Forced Reps

You’ll need a spotter for these.

Once you reach failure, get your spotter to assist with as many more reps as you can handle.

As this video states, your spotter needs to do ‘just enough’ to help you get the best results, on most exercises you’ll reach a ‘sticking point’, and your spotter is best utilised in getting you past this so you can perform the remainder of the rep on your own. You can also spot yourself on single-limb. movements.



Since you’re always stronger in the eccentric phrase of a rep (the lowering phase), you’ll be able to continue performing negative (eccentric or ‘lowering reps’) long after you’ve failed on the concentric (lifting phase).

With this in mind, get a spotter to essentially perform the concentric phase for you, while you concentrate on lowering the weight as slowly as possible for extra reps.

This also works as a standalone technique – i.e. you could perform a whole workout consisting of just negative reps


Partial Reps

When people talk about failure, they’re mostly referring to failure to perform another full concentric rep.

Often you’ll still be able to perform partial concentric reps through a certain phase of the lift.

For example, once you’ve reached full concentric failure on the barbell bench press, you should be able to continue performing the 2nd phase of the lifting (where the triceps are more involved).

Of course you’ll need a spotter to help get you through the initial phase (or the final phase, depending on which is the toughest) unless you’re using a power rack, as demonstrated in the video below



Drop Sets

Drop sets work best on machines, although they can just as easily be performed with fixed-weight dumbells/barbells or plate-loaded machines or barbells.

Once you’ve reached failure, remove 2/3rds of the weight and continue to rep out until you reach failure again.

Repeat until you want to scream.

You don’t necessarily need a spotter for these.








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Go Mammoth Launch Zumba Fitness Classes in London

Zumba is the fitness craze that has taken over the UK thanks to the fact that it hardly feels like working out at all! For those who want to party themselves fit and have fun shedding those pounds, zumba is the ideal option. It is open to people of all ages, whether male or female, and offers the chance to meet other zumba-goers and to get fit with series of classes that are both challenging and enjoyable, adapting to the improving fitness levels of the class members as the course progresses.


Go Mammoth is launching zumba classes in London from 21st January, with sessions in Putney, Stockwell, Balham and Clapham. These classes are run by some of the best and most enthusiastic zumba instructors in the country and there are no long gym contracts to sign if you want to attend. Go Mammoth zumba classes take place most evenings during the week, with morning classes at the weekend.


If you haven’t yet thought of trying out a Go Mammoth zumba class then there are a few things you might want to consider.


You don’t need experience! Even if you are a complete beginner you won’t feel out of place at our zumba classes. You don’t need to show up with advance knowledge of zumba moves, or any dance skill, and the classes are structured so as to become more challenging as the weeks go on and your fitness improves.


It’s a fun way to get fit! Our zumba classes are a great way to meet new people, especially as you have zumba in common as a starting talking point! Group fitness in such a relaxed environment is a great way to make sure you keep up your motivation to attend the weekly classes and to start hitting your fitness goals too.


Zumba is not just fun! It’s also a highly effective cardio workout that burns calories and can help build long term fitness. There’s no better way to get into fitness than with a class that doesn’t feel like a chore. However, the likelihood is that you’ll be having too much fun to notice you’re exercising!


Luke Mohr, MD of Go Mammoth said; “Go Mammoth is everywhere! We have classes in the most convenient venues and our instructors are some of the best around. Wherever you’re looking for a zumba class, we have lots of options – and once you’re part of Go Mammoth you get benefits such as a free top and discounts on food and drink at the zumba venue.”


It’s all about the tunes! The music is absolutely key to zumba and our classes have the best choices of tunes that are guaranteed to make sure you’re dancing all through the class – and all the way home!


It’s really convenient – you don’t have to sign up for a gym contract and you are just bound in for your eight sessions. If you decide you’d rather do something else after that then there are no penalties and you don’t have to come back.


Prices are around £50 for an eight week course, but hurry, as some of our sessions are already fully booked!


Find out more about Go Mammoth fitness classes on the website – or by phoning 0207 381 6034

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Goblet squats

Alternative Exercises for When the Gym is Packed

It’s January and you’re back to work after a long break, but more importantly you’re back in the gym and on your nutrition regime.

What could be worse then on your first night back on it than being greeted by a bunch of newbies occupying your beloved free weights area, YOUR territory! However irritating it may be, they have as much right to be there as you.

So how do you cope? Well you have 3 options;

1. You could wait around for each piece of equipment to use, but this could seriously impact the intensity of your workout.

2. You could go at a quieter time like last thing at night or first thing in the morning


3. You could take this opportunity to try some new exercises which could be the best possible thing to kick-start your muscle building or fat loss in 2013


So what are the most important exercises and what can you do instead?



In my opinion THE most important exercise, you should probably be spending about 20% of your total time in the gym on these, so when the squat racks are taken by imbeciles doing bicep curls, keep calm and whip these bad boys out;

Zercher Squats

Simply form a V-shape with your arms and allow the bar to rest on the inside of your eblows. Squat as normal, no rack needed

Zercher squat

Goblet Squats

Grab the handle of a kettle bell (a heavy one) with both hands as close to your body as possible. Squat as normal.

Goblet squats



Bench Press

Finding a free bench in a commercial gym in January is tougher than finding… Something that’s really hard to find. Don’t think that this is holy grail of chest exercises however. Try these…

Floor Press

A bench press without the bench. Lay on the floor and use large-diameter plates so you can get under the bar. Press. The range of motion isn’t as great because your arms can’t go past parallel but you should find you can use a little more weight as a result. Use a spotter.

floor press

Weighted Press-Ups

You’d perform weighted Pull-ups as a key part of back workout, so why not weighted press-ups for chest? Rest a plate on your back and off you go. This is what I call a highly portable exercise, it can be done virtually anywhere in the gym.





Seated Dumbell/Barbell Press

In my opinion, if you’re going for a balanced physique and great abs (who isn’t?) you should limited seated exercises as much as possible anyway. Standing exercises mean using your core to stabilise.

Standing Dumbell/Barbell Press

Self explanatory really, to make this even more of a whole body exercises, add some weight and perform hang-clean and presses or clean and presses from the floor.

standing dumbell press



Pull Ups

Pull ups really are an awesome exercise and in all honesty, they can’t be replaced. I’d even go as far to say that there’d be nothing wrong with having an entire back workout comprised only pull-ups. Yes, I like pull-ups, but if there really are no bars around to hosit yourself up on, try these;

Kneeling Unilateral Lat Pulldowns

Lat pulldowns are ok, but they can mimic the staple pull-up a little better with a few modifications. Kneel on the floor and attach two handles in place of the bar. This makes the exercises less stable, making each side of the body work independently, as well as involving the core.






Dips are really underrated and it’s unlikely that you’ll find all your dips bars taken as they’re grossly underused by most gym goers. If the newbies at your joint are particularly savy however you can make a make shift dip station…

Bench Dips

Position two benches parallel to each other, use your arms to stabilise you and place your feet on the other, dip down to parallel and explode up, not locking out your elbows. Add weight plates to your lap if needed.

 bench dips


Use this busy period to try some new things and breath life into your routine. Get in the mindset that everything can be an opportunity. Not benching or doing conventional squats for a month certainly won’t impact you negatively.

Enjoy your training and happy 2013!


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best running shoes

The importance of picking the right footwear for exercise

When it comes to buying fitness equipment, sports shoes are the most important item you will buy. The wrong decision could have a serious adverse effect on your health, as the feet endure a large amount of pressure during athletic activities. Different sports shoes support your feet in different ways, so if you play a variety of different sports, it is recommended to purchase specialist shoes for each one, as opposed to using one pair for all.

Aerobic trainers

For aerobics work, you should look at a fitness shoe that provides flexibility, support and cushioning. This will absorb some of the impact of intense aerobic exercise while also lessening the shock to the feet. Design wise, you are looking for a thick upper strap to protect the forefoot, a good arch design to cope with the side-to-side steps of aerobics and a soft leather upper for comfort. A mesh-cloth lining is also recommended to absorb moisture and keep the feet cool.

Running shoes

The running shoe is the main sports shoe you definitely shouldn’t use for anything else. Due to their flexibility, they are perfect for running as they allow the foot to flex and bend through each step, but this flexibility does not lend itself well to activities that involve a lot of sideways stepping like tennis and aerobics. Unfortunately it is not just as easy as picking just any old running shoe, as there are so many different running shoes available. You have got to think about the distance you will run and what terrain you will run on. You also need to think about how you actually run. Do you make initial contact with the ground using the inside of your forefoot, or the outside of the heel? This can affect which shoe is right for you. The best practice is to visit a specialist running shop, explain what you intend to do and they will fit the perfect shoe for you.

best running shoes

Football boots

Ill-fitting football boots can cause all kinds of problems for the feet. If you play on a variety of surfaces, such as grass and the hard-on-the-feet AstroTurf, again it is best if you have a few different kinds of boot to adapt to the different surfaces. Footballers are renowned for developing corns and calluses, and boots that are too tight can cause blackened or even lost toenails. Again comfort is key here, so make sure you get a pair that fits you properly with a football sock on, and you should be good to go.

Tennis and squash shoes

Racquet sports like tennis and squash again require specially-designed footwear. They are a lot heavier around the toe than running shoes, as tennis for example includes a lot of stop-start action, meaning you need extra protection for the front of the toes. Tennis shoes are also a lot more forgiving on the side-to-side movements common in racquet sports.

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5 Mistakes You’re Making in the Gym

So you’ve got into a routine, you’re going to the gym regularly, you’ve adopted a ‘never give up mindset’, but six months down the line, you’re still patiently awaiting results. Unfortunately, as tough as it is to get yourself in the gym, you’ve still got to make an effort one you get there – some people seem to think that simply by being in the gym they’re going to shed pounds of fat and pack on muscle by some magical process of osmosis. Not gonna happen.

Here are five mistakes you’re probably making;


You Don’t Train Legs

The amount of people that don’t train their legs literally astounds me. Despite all the logical and scientifically supported information and advice out there on the web and in print, most people simply chose not to train their quads or hamstrings. Why? Because it’s tough. And it hurts.

Unfortunately there’s no way round this, if you want the best possible physique, and yes that includes your upper body, you HAVE to train your legs. If you need me to explain why then you clearly haven’t been paying attention, but here’s one more spoon-feeding session;

  • Your legs make up HALF of your body
  • You can shift the highest total volume weight with your legs
  • The Quad and Hamstring muscles are relatively huge – training them will produce the greatest anabolic response
  • Large, strong legs form a solid base, allowing your other lifts to increase
  • There are plenty more but that should be enough to persuade you.


You’re Resting Too Long

Most people have a training partner or two, and more often than not those partners are friends, there’s nothing wrong with that, but when you spend 10 minutes in between each set discussing the previous weekend’s antics, you’re cheating yourself out of gains. Muscular failure isn’t all about each individual set, it’s about accumulated fatigue built up throughout the workout, and if you’re constantly resting for long periods you’ll never achieve that.

Leave the chin wagging and checking yourself out in the mirror for the n00bs and take minimal rest between each set.


You Think It’s All About the Weight

Your body has no idea how much weight you’re handling.

All it recognises is the relative stress on the muscles, which respond accordingly.

Just because you’ve gone from shifting 30 to 32 Kg dumbbells doesn’t automatically mean you’re going to get bigger – strength is not directly related to size.

If you want to measure the success of your workouts use this method:

Add the amount of weight lifted in each rep of each set of every exercise in a workout. So say you performed 5 sets of 10 reps on bench presses using 100Kg, and 5 sets of 10 reps on dumbbell flys using two 20Kg dumbbells, your total work volume would be;

5 x (10×100) + 5 x (10×40)

This would equal 7500 Kg in total, so next time you work out, try to beat that.


You Don’t Do Exercises you Hate

I hate Deadlifts, and Squats, and Pull-ups, but those three exercises have probably done more for my physique than all the other lifts I perform put together.

Moral: Do exercises you hate


You Don’t Refuel Properly

Adding muscle is the end product of a constant cycle of breakdown muscles, then building them back up using the right nutrition.

Some people get the first bit right, but virtually no-one gets the second bit. If you want to build muscle you HAVE to eat the right foods, in the right amounts at the right times, and that’s really tricky.

First of all it takes quite a bit of maths to calculate what you might need, then some experimentation to nail down what you actually need. Once you find that out you need to repeat it everyday, which is probably the trickiest part. If you need help with this, go here.

 Pharma whey



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